employee and, as we pointed out in paragraph 61, must spend their days doing what they are told to do in the way they are told to do it. Most large organizations use some form of propaganda  to manipulate public attitudes or behavior. Consequently the theories Success can be hoped for only by fighting the technological system as a whole; but that is revolution, not reform. That being accomplished, it does not appear that there would be any further obstacle to the development of technology, and it would presumably advance toward its logical conclusion, which is complete control over everything on Earth, including human beings and all other important organisms. 119. to the Industrial Revolution for technology to strengthen the system at a high cost in individual freedom and local autonomy. 109. We certainly don't mean to knock that right; it is very important tool for limiting concentration of political power and for keeping those who do have political power in line by publicly exposing any misbehavior on their part. Thus the fact that many individual leftists are personally mild and fairly tolerant people by no means prevents leftism as a whole form having a totalitarian tendency. .
One is tied down by various obligations: license requirements, driver test, renewing registration, insurance, maintenance required for safety, monthly payments on purchase price. money and status they require, and this extra effort constitutes a surrogate activity. 92.  Consequently the leftist is never satisfied with the goals he has already attained; his need for the power process leads him always to pursue some new goal. (Paragraph 137) Self-interest is not necessarily MATERIAL self-interest. (In young women the process is more complex, with greater emphasis on social power; we won't discuss that here.) Such an ideology can become the basis for a revolution against industrial society if and when the system becomes sufficiently weakened. But they should use modern technology for only ONE purpose: to attack the technological system. Still, one has to use common sense in applying the principles. All pre-industrial societies were predominantly rural. Take us (FC) for example. If a trend were not stable with respect to small changes, it would wander at random rather than following a definite direction; in other words it would not be a long-term trend at all. It is a chronic complaint Nature takes care of itself: It was a spontaneous creation that existed long before any human society, and for countless centuries many different kinds of human societies coexisted with nature without doing it an excessive amount of damage. Yet scientists in these areas are just as enthusiastic about their work as those who develop vaccines or study air pollution. Today the movement is fragmented and it is not clear who can properly be called a leftist. We leave open the question of the extent to which our discussion could be applied to the leftists of the 19th and early 20th centuries. their nerve and declined to sign the Declaration of Independence, our way of life today would not have been significantly different. But no matter how far the movement has gone in attaining its goals the leftist is never satisfied, because his activism is a surrogate activity (see paragraph 41). Author: Josh Archer | But, because "freedom" is a word that can be interpreted in many ways, we must first make clear what kind of freedom we are concerned with.
promotions, etc.). The leftist needs to believe in leftism; it plays manifiiesto vital role in his psy- chological economy. You can't have a united world without rapid transportation and communication, you can't make all people love one another without sophisticated psychological techniques, you can't have a "planned society" without the necessary technological base. (A revolution does not necessarily involve an armed uprising or the overthrow of a government.) 81.
he feels frustrated, humiliated and angry. environment. The nearest thing to a strong, widespread, dynamic religion that the West has seen in recent times has been the quasi-religion of leftism, but leftism today is fragmented and has no clear, unified, inspiring goal. It is simply taken for granted that everyone must bow to technical necessity. When going somewhere one may be in a hurry, or one may be in a mood to travel slowly, but one generally has no choice but to move with the flow of traffic and obey the traffic signals. We are going to argue that industrial-technological society cannot be reformed in such a way as to prevent it from progressively narrowing the sphere of human freedom. Modern man must satisfy his need for the power process largely through pursuit of the artificial needs created by the advertising and marketing industry , and through surrogate activities. It would be hopeless for revolutionaries to try to attack the system without using SOME modern technology. 39. 195. Categories: essays. In the city or town, the needs of living in closely packed neighborhoods inhibited many actions previously unobjectionable. Boredom too tends to cause excessive pleasure-seeking since, lacking other goals, people often use pleasure as a goal. Free. 218. When they have done that they will want to ban something else they consider unwholesome, then another thing and then another. We by no means claim to be telling the WHOLE truth about leftist psychology. more readily attach importance to a surrogate activity simply because the people around them treat it as important or because society tells them it is important. Small-scale technology is technology that can be used by small-scale communities without outside assistance. As long as the system GIVES them their opportunities it still has them on a leash. (Example: A reform movement designed to clean surrogate activities or through identification with an organization, rather than through pursuit of real goals. That need can be fully satisfied only through activities that have some external goal, such as physical necessities, sex, love, status, revenge, etc. The degree of crowding that exists today and the isolation of man from nature are consequences of technological progress. In earlier revolutions, leftists of the most powerhungry type, repeatedly, have first cooperated with nonleftist revolutionaries, as well as with leftists of a more libertarian inclination, and later have double-crossed them to seize power for themselves. that it deserves a separate discussion, which we shall give in a moment (paragraphs 87-92). The degree of personal freedom that exists in a society is determined more by the economic and technological structure of the society than by its laws or its form of government.
The more dangerous leftists, that is, those who are most power-hungry, are often characterized by arrogance or by a dogmatic approach to ideology. These are not always PURE surrogate activities, since for many people they may be motivated in part by needs other than the need to have some goal to pursue. Words like "self-confidence", "self-reliance", "initiative", "enterprise", "optimism", etc., play little role in the liberal and leftist vocabulary. As with many other scientific achievements, it is very much open to question whether nuclear power plants actually do benefit humanity. On a second level, the ideology should be propagated in a simplified form that will enable the unthinking majority to see the conflict of technology vs. nature in unambiguous terms. But in practice there is very little wild country left, and there is room in the economy for only a limited number of small business owners. People like to make their own decisions in small matters, but making decisions on difficult, fundamental questions requires facing up to psychological conflict, and most people hate psychological conflict.
(In contrast, some modern people indefinitely postpone having children because they are too busy seeking some kind of "fulfillment." present obviously dangerous possibilities. For example, those who have an unusually strong drive for social status may spend their whole lives climbing the status ladder without ever Biological methods probably will have to be used. The same is true of other organizationdependent technology. 146. In America today there still are uncrowded rural areas, and we find there the same problems as in urban areas, though the problems tend to be less acute in the rural areas. If they give in to that temptation, they will fall right back into the technological trap, because modern technology is a unified, tightly organized system, so that, in order to retain SOME technology, one finds oneself obliged to retain MOST technology, hence one ends up sacrificing only token amounts of technology.apt to have few or no children. damn about isopropyltrimethylmethane or the classification of beetles. (Paragraph 66) Conservatives' efforts to decrease the amount of government regulation are of little benefit to the average man. If a change is made that is large enough to alter permanently a long-term trend, then the consequences for the society as a whole cannot be predicted in advance.
Science and technology provide the most important examples of surrogate activities. We divide human drives into three groups: (1) those drives that can be satisfied with minimal effort; (2) those that can be satisfied but only at the cost of serious effort; (3) those that cannot be adequately satisfied no matter how much effort one makes. It cannot be carried out on a nation-by-nation basis. To fight each of the threats separately would be futile.
This by the first and second principles. It is true that not all was sweetness and light in primitive societies. Of course, it's not that simple. Never forget that the human race with technology is just like an alcoholic with a barrel of wine. In order to get our message before the public with some chance of making a lasting impression, we've had to kill people. 211. But not every leisured aristocrat becomes bored and demoralized. Theodore, "Ted", Kaczynski is best known as the "UNABOMBER", the perpetrator of a series of bombings spanning 18 years. For example, if one believes that affirmative action is good for black people, does it make sense to demand affirmative action in hostile or dogmatic terms? If the elite is ruthless they may simply decide to exterminate the mass of humanity. 230. More importantly, the leftist hates science and rationality because they classify certain beliefs as true (i.e., successful, superior) and other beliefs as false (i.e., failed, inferior). Advertising and marketing techniques have been developed that make many people feel they need things that their grandparents never desired
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